Medicine

Science of Medicine

No. 1 Medical Innovation for 2020: Dual-Acting Osteoporosis Drug

What is osteoporosis? According to the criteria of WHO, osteoporosis can be defined as: “Bone mineral density which lies between standard deviations of 2.5 or even less than the average value for women who are young and healthy”. Fractures of bones are a constant concern for people suffering from osteoporosis. According to twelve prospective studies …

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Coronavirus composition, Types of Coronavirus, Coronavirus isolation

Coronavirus belongs to the family of viruses, which is in Nidovirales order, refers to the viruses capable of replicating by using a nested mRNAs set (Nido means nest). The subfamily of coronavirus is further classified into: Alpha Beta Gamma Delta. The existing human coronavirus comes in 2 of these four genera: Alpha coronavirus as HCoV-NL63 …

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coronavirus outbreak

How Did China’s Coronavirus Outbreak Start?

Researchers and health experts are trying to track, contain, and understand the newly emerged virus from Wuhan, China, which started at the start of December. It can be seen that a lot of cases have been confirmed and reported in the disease map by WHO (World Health Organization). Until now, almost 25000 cases of coronavirus …

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Coronavirus

Coronavirus: Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Risks

In December 2019, Chinese officials reported a viral outbreak of several cases of pneumonia. The disease was caused by a mutation of the Coronavirus. The coronavirus is usually found in animals. However, this novel case was the first of its kind in humans.  Since its spread, the disease has now been found to spread through …

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About the Hypothesis of Cancer Stem Cell for Carcinogenesis

Now, it is unclear about the causes of cancer, so the research for cancer is remain hot. In the meanwhile, the hypothesis for the carcinogenesis is so many that been understood well. So, the research about the cancer is also hot. More and more cancer researchers are committed to this. In the present, we explain …

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What is Furuncle? How it Occurred?

Furuncle refers to the acute purulent infection of signal hair follicle and the surrounding tissues. Generally, the germ is Staphylococcus aurous, sometime is Staphylococcus epidermidis and others. The often happened on the neck, craniofacial back and so on because of the unclean skin, scratch or poor resistance. What are the symptoms of furuncle? At first, …

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How to Control the Genetic Factors for Colorectal Cancer?

Hereditary colorectal cancer refers to a colorectal cancer that is resulted by some genetic factors and others. It is familial and genetic. The high-risk groups and genetic risk can be found by the test of gene mutation. Notably, if the gene mutation is determined, the preventive treatment can be used to reduce the risk of …

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The General Guidelines for Cell Culture

Before a cell line is put into culture, several factors should be considered Are the cells coming from established, well-defined lines? Is the species known? Are the nutrient and CO2 requirements known? Are the growth patterns known? Has mycoplasma testing been done? Will the cells be cultured in plates, flasks, bioreactors, etc? What volume/number of cells …

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What are the Reasons of Spontaneous Abortion?

Genetic defects Spouse with chromosomal abnormalities can transmit to the fetus, and then cause abortion. There are about 50~60% fetus with chromosomal abnormalities will undergo spontaneous abortion. The chromosomal abnormalities can include: Aneuploidy: Aneuploidy refers to an abnormal number of chromosomes, and is a type of chromosome abnormality, such as three-body, x single and Triploid. …

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KLF4 and Wnt Singal Pathway

In colon epithelium, the expression level of KLF4 is duodenum > jejunum > ileum,that is consistent with differentiation and proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells. Meanwhile, KLF4 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) showed a reciprocal pattern of expression. Wnt signaling plays an important role in homeostasis and transformation of the intestinal mucosa through its regulation …

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What is Abortion?

Abortion refers to the termination of pregnancy before 28 weeks of pregnancy, and the Fetus weight less than 1000 grams. According the time of abortion, the abortion includes: Early abortion: abortion happened before twelve weeks of pregnancy. Late abortion: abortion occurred Less than 28 weeks 12 weeks. According the reason of abortion, the abortion includes: spontaneous abortion and artificial …

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Early Pregnancy Symptoms in The First Trimester

Early pregnancy refers to the stage before twelve weeks of pregnancy. What are these early pregnancy symptoms? Pregnancy symptoms vary from woman to woman; therefore, they are not the same for all women. However, there are some symptoms that are common to most women in the early pregnancy. It is important to understand the early pregnancy symptoms …

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What is Pregnancy?

Pregnancy refers to the state that a woman carries a embryo or fetus in the uterus. Mature egg and sperm meet and combine to form the fertilized egg, called fertilization. Fertilization is the beginning of pregnancy that is a sign of an individual life beginning, while the legal and medical definition holds that pregnancy is defined as the period between implantation of a fertilized egg (also called …

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What is Ovulation?

The ovarian is the female gonads, and it has two functions: ovulation and the secretion of female hormones. Ovulation refers to an egg and cumulus granulose cells released by a mature ovarian follicle, and travelled down the fallopian tubes towards the uterus. It will be more effectively to plan your pregnancy by understanding the process of …

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What is the Menstruation and Menarche?

Menstruation Menstruation is the woman’s monthly shedding of the lining of uterus and bleeding with the emergence of cyclical changes in ovarian. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from the inside of the uterus, and it flows from the uterus through the cervix and pass out of the body through the vagina. Most menstrual periods last …

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What does Female Reproductive System include?

The organs of female reproductive system are concerned with progress of reproduction, and they are composed of internal genitalia and external genitalia. Internal genitalia: the internal genitalia located in the pelvic cavity consist of vagina, uterus, fallopian tube and ovary. External genitalia: the external genitalia, also called vulva, are located from the lower margin of …

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Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Cervical cancer often goes unnoticed because early cervical cancer generally has no signs or symptoms. However, when symptoms are present, they mimic so many other ailments. When symptoms are present, they usually do not appear until the cancer is more advanced. This does vary from woman to woman. This is why regular screening is so …

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